was raised in Bakersfield, California, the youngest of a dozen children. At age 14, he wrote his first song -- about chickens -- and sang it to his family's fowl. During the Korean War, he served aboard a naval hospital ship, the Repose, where he found relief by forming the Repose Ramblers, who played any instruments they could scrounge up. He bought better ones in Japan and began to practice in earnest, and became a professional musician in California after his discharge.
was working at the Wagon Wheel in Lamont when Fuzzy Owen saw him and arranged for Simpson
to work at his Clover Club as a piano player. He then got a job replacing Buck Owens
at the Blackboard Club on weekends. Simpson
was influenced by Owens
, Merle Haggard
, and Bill Woods
, who asked Red
if he would write a song about driving trucks. (By the time Simpson
handed him four truck songs, however, Woods
had stopped recording.) Simpson
began writing songs with Buck Owens
in 1962, including the Top Ten hit "Gonna Have Love."
In 1965, Capitol's Ken Nelson
was looking for someone to record some songs about trucking. His first choice was Haggard
, who wasn't interested, but Simpson
readily agreed. His first, Tommy Collins' "Roll, Truck, Roll," became a Top 40 country hit and Simpson
recorded an album of the same name. That year he offered up two more trucking songs, both of which made it to the Top 50 or beyond. As a songwriter, he scored his first number one hit with "Sam's Place," recorded by Buck Owens
. After that, Simpson
decided to become a full-time writer. He returned to performing in 1971 with his Top Five hit "I'm a Truck," which had been written by postman Bob Staunton.
In 1972, he debuted on the Grand Ole Opry and had two more "truck" hits for Capitol. In 1976, Simpson
signed to Warner Bros. and released "Truck Driver's Heaven." The following year, he teamed up with Lorraine Walden for a series of duets that included "Truck Driver Man and Wife." In 1979, Simpson
appeared for the last time on the charts with "The Flying Saucer Man and the Truck Driver." Haggard
recorded his song "Lucky Old Colorado" in 1988; later that year Simpson
was diagnosed with skin cancer and underwent surgery, but he fully recovered and continued his writing and performing career. Featuring 14 new songs, The Bard of Bakersfield was Simpson
's first album in nearly a quarter century, arriving on the Windsor Music label in 2005. Simpson
died in Bakersfield in January 2016 from complications of a heart attack; he was 81 years old.